Saturday, 6 May 2017

Tiruvilaiyadal in Thiruppugazh: Part 3

Read Part 1 and Part 2 of the series.

  1. Lord Shiva has danced as Nataraja at five temples–five sabhas–Chidhambaram, Maduarai, Thiruvilankadu, Tirunelveli and Kutralam. Chidhambaram Nataraja Temple is known as Gold Sabha or Ponnambalam. It is believed that Lord Shiva danced in the golden hall on a Thiruvathirai nakshatra to fullfill the desire of his devotees Pathanchali and Sage Vyaghra Padar. dancing in the ponnambalam. The song avaguna viraganai describes this cosmic dance:

Friday, 5 May 2017

Thiruvilaiyadal in Thiruppugazh–Part 2

Continuing the part 1 of Thiruvilaiyadal in Thiruppugazh, we discuss a few more divine sports of Shiva as mentioned in the Thiruvilaiyadal Puranam.

  1. Shiva defeats Kali in a dance contest. SivA performs Oordhwa ThAndavam to pick up the bejewelled crown that He throws into the sky and picks it up with his toes and makes the fierce and valorous Bhadra Kali bashful with embarrassment (because she could not compete in dance with SivA)

    • From the song vetha verpile
      காதும் உக்ர வீர பத்ர காளி வெட்க மகுடம் ஆகாசம் முட்ட வீசி விட்ட காலர்

Wednesday, 3 May 2017

Thiruvilaiyadal in Thiruppugazh–Part 1

The divine plays or Leelas of Shiva are 64 in number. They describe the exploits of Lord Siva who incarnated as Somasundara, Chokkanatha or Sundaresvara — the king of Madurai and husband of Queen Meenakshi. According to the Thiruvilaiyadal Purana, composed by Paranjoti Munivar in the sixteenth century, these sports have taken place in Madurai, Tamil Nadu. Legend has it that Meenakshi and Sundareswarar ruled over the city of Madurai for a long period of time. Sundareswarar also goes by the name Sundara Pandyan. Ugra Pandyan, the son of the divine couple, is believed to be none other than Subramanya.

A few of these thiruvilaiyadals find frequent mentions in Thiruppugazh. Let's study them.

  1. In his previous incarnation, Sundarar was Alala Sundarar, one of the Shiva ganas. Alala Sundarar was living in the Mount Kailas, when he was enamored of two girls Anindita and Kamalini, the attendants of Goddess Parvathi. They, too, fell in love with Sundarar. Kamalini, the attendant of Parvathi in Kailasa took birth in Thiruvaaroor, and was called Paravayar.

    One day, Sundarar meets Paravayar in the temple and both of them fall in love with each other. Sundara expresses his love for Paravai to Shiva. Shiva brings them together by appearing in their dreams and telling them to get married to each other.

    Later, Sundarar marries Sangili, who was Anindita in her previous birth. Paravai is furious about her husband's second marriage and refuses to let him into the house. Sundarar again seeks the help of the Lord. The Lord goes as Sundarar's messenger to Paravai, and then she relents. The Lord's role of being a messenger of his devotee is mentioned in the following two songs:

Friday, 28 April 2017

Krishna Leela

Many references to Krishna's divine plays as mentioned in Thiruppugazh have been discussed in an earlier post. In fact the entire Mahabharatham can be described as Krishna's Leela. In this post, however, we are discussing only the childhood leelas as mentioned in Thiruppugazh.

The first Leela is Krishna being tied to the mortar (உரல்). This story occurs in many songs and symbolically shows that though the Lord is beyond anybody's grasp, He allows Himself to be bound by His devotees

  • sivanaar manam kuLira
    நவநீத முந்திருடி உரலோடெ யொன்றுமரி
    ரகுராமர் சிந்தைமகிழ் மருகோனே

Wednesday, 26 April 2017

Sivam in Thiruppugazh – Part 3

Please go through Part 1 and
        Part 2

Let's continue to enjoy more Thiruppugazh songs in which Sivam is described in detail. Here's how gaganamum anilamum describes the Universal Matter – as the Ultimate and Eternal Object which remains after the cataclysm (pralaya) at the end of the Yugas and which can be perceived by our minds if it directs its attention inwards and beholds the luminous substance.

யுகஇறு திகளிலு மிறுதியி லொருபொருள்
உள்ளக்க ணோக்கு    மறிவூறி
ஒளிதிக ழருவுரு வெனுமறை யிறுதியி
லுள்ளத்தை நோக்க    அருள்வாயே

More attributes of the Super consciousness follows, with the following example from suruthiyaay. The etrnal and immutable substance is said to be the True Significance of the Great Delusion or Maya (மிக்க மேலான பொருளான பெரிய மாயையின் உண்மைத் தத்துவம்) and Saint Arunagiri says that Murugan taught him so that he could speak about it to this world!